Common Knee Injuries and How to Avoid Them

Knee injuries are unfortunately quite common, and there are many different types of knee injuries as well. Luckily there are some things you can do to help avoid and prevent knee injuries, although they will still happen from time to time. First, let’s take a look at four of the most common knee injuries.

  1. Fractures – Also called a broken bone, a knee fracture occurs when one of three bones fractures. The most common of those bones is the patella (kneecap), and falling directly on that kneecap is often to blame for knee fractures.
  2. Sprains/Strains – A sprain or strain of the knee affects the ligaments, with the most common being the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the medial collateral ligament (MCL). Sprains occur when a ligament gets stretched past its normal range of motion. Strains happen when those ligaments are stretched and torn. Many times these injuries are a consequence of a rapid change in direction or the twisting of the knee, which commonly occurs when playing sports.
  3. Meniscus Tear – Meniscus (also known as cartilage) tears when the knee turns unnaturally. This is also a common injury in sports with rapid changes in directions resulting in the knee being twisted. A meniscus tear can also be a result of aging or moving in an awkward way accidentally.
  4. Overuse – This injury can occur when certain activities like running are repeated often. When activities that are hard on the knees are performed too often, they can result in a series of overuse injuries.

How to Prevent Common Knee Injuries

  • Always take extra time to warm up before you are physically active and don’t forget to cool down
  • Exercise regularly to keep your leg muscles strong
  • Don’t make sudden changes in the intensity of your workout and give your body time to adjust
  • Don’t work out in worn-out shoes; replace them every few months for ample support
  • Wear knee guards if needed, especially when playing sports
  • Participate in low impact exercises and maintain a healthy weight

To learn more about knee injuries and how to prevent them, contact The Knee Institute at 248-804-7226.

Categories: The Knee Institute

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